Journal of Banking and Financial Economics

Latest articles

Determinants of banks’ profitability and efficiency: Empirical evidence from a sample of Banking Systems

Mouna Rekik, Maha Kalai


The aim of this study is to analyze the determinants of the bank profitability and efficiency in conventional banks. This study compares accounting-based and economic-based measures of efficiency and profitability of conventional banks in fourteen countries. Accounting variables help explain cost and profit efficiency, but cost efficiency has little impact on profitability and profit efficiency. In fact, the study of profitability is crucial in assessing the health of organizations. However, profitability of the banking sector is particularly important as the soundness of the sector is closely related to the soundness of the entire economy. In this paper, banks’ profitability and its determinants in Tunisia as well as in 13 different countries were investigated. The determinants of bank profitability are analyzed with the data from 110 banks over the period 1999–2012 using the panel data method generalized method of moments. Our results suggest that researchers should probably focus more on profit efficiency than cost efficiency. Almost all banks are below the optimal size.


JEL classification: G14, G21, G32
Keywords: Bank efficiency; Bank profitability; Economy of scale.

DOI: 10.7172/2353-6845.jbfe.2018.1.1

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EU banks after the crisis: sinners in the hands of angry markets

Antonio Sánchez Serrano


European Union banks were severely hit by the global fi nancial crisis in 2008 and their stock prices and returns have generally not recovered since then, differently to what has been observed in other sectors (i.e., non-financial corporations) and jurisdictions (i.e., US). In this paper, we focus on three episodes of fi nancial turmoil in EU fi nancial markets occurring after the global fi nancial crisis (August 2015, December 2015 and January 2016, and June 2016) and, through a series of
linear regressions, with and without control variables, attempt to determine the common features of those banks which stock returns declined the most. Results of the regressions tend to suggest that size has been driving the decreases in stock returns in the three episodes. Regarding asset quality, the Texas ratio has been a decisive factor in the evolution of stock returns of EU banks in the second and third periods. Interestingly, profi tability variables seem not to be statistically significant to explain the declines in stock returns, except in the third period, but only under some specifications. An evolution on the perception by fi nancial market participants on EU banks, with a larger importance on asset quality in the latter periods, can also be observed. Lastly, on the basis of these results, further policy actions would be needed to clean-up the balance sheet of banks, as a necessary step towards full recovery after the global financial crisis.


JEL classification: G12, G14, G32, G21
Keywords: European banks, stock returns, asset quality, profi tability, global fi nancial crisis

DOI: 10.7172/2353-6845.jbfe.2018.1.2

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Animal Spirits and Risk in Financial Markets

Jukka Ilomäki


Keynes argues that a beauty contest in financial markets is a combination of rational higher-order
beliefs and market psychology or animal spirits. We find that a stable equilibrium, where also
market psychology is included, can be possible if uninformed investors agree to reduce their
required rate of return indicating that they enlarge the risk of their investment with the animal
spirits component.


JEL classification: G11, G12
Keywords: Risk, Portfolio Choice, Asset Pricing

DOI: 10.7172/2353-6845.jbfe.2018.1.3






JBFE No 2/2017

Journal of Banking and Financial Economics No 2 (8) 2017




Sovereign Debt Restructurings in Belize: Debt Sustainability and Financial Stability Aspects

Tamon Asonuma, Michael G. Papaioannou, Gerardo Peraza, Kristine Vitola, Takahiro Tsuda


Does persistence in idiosyncratic risk proxy return-reversals?

Harmindar B. Nath, Vasilis Sarafidis


Mauritius: The Drivers of Growth – Can the Past Be Extended?

Katsiaryna Svirydzenka, Martin Petrib


The European system of financial supervision – regulatory impact assessment

Mariusz Szpringer, Włodzimierz Szpringer


Assessing Countries’ Financial Inclusion Standing — A New Composite Index

André Mialou, Goran Amidzic, Alexander Massara


Bank prudential and bank stability– how far do they go

Gerti Shijaku

JBFE No 1/2017

Journal of Banking and Financial Economics No 1 (7) 2017




Determinants of Banks’ Net Interest Margins in Honduras

Koffie Nassar, Edder Martinez, Anabel Pineda


Inflation and Public Debt Reversals in the G7 Countries

Bernardin Akitoby, Ariel Binder, Takuji Komatsuzaki


Unstash the Cash! Corporate Governance Reform in Japan

Chie Aoyagi, Giovanni Ganelli


Global Thermoeconomics

Mario W. Cardullo, Manhong Mannie Liu


An Econometric Analysis for the Bid-Ask Spread in the Emerging Chilean Capital Market

David Cademartori-Rosso, Berta Silva-Palavecinos, Ricardo Campos-Espinoza, Hanns de la Fuente-Mella


JBFE No 2/2016

Journal of Banking and Financial Economics No 2 (6) 2016




Comparing the Performance of Logit and Probit Early Warning Systems for Currency Crises in Emerging Market Economies

Fabio Comelli


Investigating Impact of US, Europe, Frontier and BRIC Stock Markets on Indian Financial Stress Index

Amanjot Singh, Manjit Singh


Foreign Investor Flows and Sovereign Bond Yields in Advanced Economies

Serkan Arslanalp, Tigran Poghosyan


Financial Inclusion, Growth and Inequality: A Model Application to Colombia

Izabela Karpowicz


Spotting Bubbles: A Two-Pillar Framework for Policy Makers

Bradley A. Jones


Does it pay to be good? An analysis of vice and virtue stock performance in the Eurozone

Toni Vide



JBFE No 1/2016

Journal of Banking and Financial Economics No 1 (5) 2016




The Finance and Growth Nexus Re-Examined: Do All Countries Benefit Equally?

Adolfo Barajas, Ralph Chami, Seyed Reza Yousefi


Intermediary networks under the rule of equi-repartition of profits

Fabien Mercier


What Drives the Volatility of Firm Level Productivity in China?

Xubei Luo, Nong Zhu


External Factors in Debt Sustainability Analysis: An Application to Latin America?

Gustavo Adler, Sebastian Sosa


The relationship between distance-to-default and CDS spreads as measures of default risk
for European banks

Kim Ristolainen


JBFE No 2/2015

Journal of Banking and Financial Economics No 2 (4) 2015




Financial and Sovereign Debt Crises: Some Lessons Learned and Those Forgotten

Carmen M. Reinhart, Kenneth S. Rogoff


Asset choice in British central banking history, the myth of the safe asset, and bank regulation
William A. Allen


The Day After Tomorrow: Designing an Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Libya
Carlos Caceres, Serhan Cevik, Ricardo Fenochietto, Borja Gracia


Risks and Opportunities of Participation in Global Value Chains
Gary Gereffi, Xubei Luo


Is Uruguay More Resilient This Time? Distributional Impacts of a Crisis Similiar to the 2001-02 Argentine Crisis
Oscar Barriga Cabanillas, María Ana Lugo, Hannah Nielsen, Carlos Rodríguez-Castelán, María Pía Zanetti


Trade Policy Barriers: An Obstacle to Export Diversification in Eurasia
Ana Paula Cusolito, Claire H. Hollweg



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